When astronomer, physicist, mathematician Galileo gathered convincing evidence 400 years ago that humanity and the earth are not at the center of the Solar System nor the Universe, it was so disturbing to how people thought about themselves, many, including the Church, condemned him as anti-God. The Church since recanted. As neuroscientists discover how our brains develop and function, it will probably disturb how we think about ourselves. And just as we adjusted to what Galileo taught us about ourselves, we shall adjust to learning what the neuroscientists will teach us about how our brains develop and function.
Neuroscientist Ramachandran did a study similar to Benjamin Libet about how decisions shape up in the brain with the same results--we make decisions in the 80-90% of our brain we are not conscious of and begin acting and then have the misperception that we consciously made the decision to do whatever we do. Of course, responsibility and accountability for behavior, beliefs, thoughts, and what we say will continue. As we learn more about how our brains work, we shall surely find new ways to handle accountability and responsibility more effectively and make a better world. Hope propels us forward.