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Bulloch History with Roger Allen - Bulloch's descendants include a president
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Roger Allen

    Bulloch County’s namesake, Archibald Bulloch, left a very strong family line. Two of the most famous descendants were Martha, the mother of President Theodore Roosevelt, and James Dunwoody, the Confederacy’s most famous secret agent.
    The first of these, "Mittie," as she was known, was born on July 6, 1835, in Hartford, Conn. After she met Theodore Roosevelt Sr., they married at Bulloch Hall in Roswell, Ga.
    Martha and her family moved to New York City, where Theodore was an assemblyman in the New York State Legislature. Here, she bore four children: Anna (1855), Theodore Jr. (1858), Elliott (1860) and Corinne (1861).
    As Martha was a staunch Confederate supporter, her husband sent numerous shipments of medicines and other supplies to his Bulloch clan in Georgia, which he knew would be used to support the Southern cause.
    While at Harvard University, Martha's son Theodore Jr. met and married Alice Hathaway Lee of Boston. After both his wife and mother died, Theodore Jr. moved to Medora, N.D., to the family ranch. He returned to New York several years later, and after President William McKinley was assassinated, he became the 26th president of the United States (1901–09).
    The second famous Bulloch descendant, James Dunwoody Bulloch, was born in 1823 in Savannah, and served aboard the warships United States, Decatur and Delaware for some 14 years.
    He then became the civilian captain of a mail steamer, the USS Georgia, in 1851. In 1860, he joined a private New York shipping company that carried freight and passengers between New York and New Orleans, La.
    Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, S.C., was fired upon in 1861, and within two months, Bulloch and his family were living in Liverpool, England, where he became a Confederate agent.
    Bulloch's charge was to buy raiders to disrupt Northern shipping. One, the CSS Alabama, crewed by Capt. Raphael Semmes, boarded 447 ships and captured 65 Union merchant vessels until it was sunk in July 1864.
    Another ship, the CSS Shenandoah, was launched in September 1864. It terrorized the Union whaling fleets sailing the northern Arctic waters, sinking numerous ships.
    After the war, Bulloch retired to Liverpool, where he published his memoirs, titled "The Secret Service of the Confederate States in Europe, or How the Confederate Cruisers Were Equipped.”
    Roger Allen is a local lover of history. He provides a brief look at the area's historical past. Email Roger at

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