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Bridge 9/25
When partner is a passed hand
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    Last week we covered the basic replies to a one-level takeout double. A simple advance in a suit shows 0-8 points, a single jump in a suit promises 9-11, and a cue-bid announces 12-plus. But what happens if the advancer (doubler's partner) is a passed hand, so cannot have 12 points?
    In this situation, the advancer lowers his requirements by two points. A simple suit bid shows 0-6 points, a single jump 7-9, and a cue-bid 10-11 (or a poor 12 deemed not worth an opening bid).
    In today's deal, if North were not a passed hand, he would jump to two spades over South's double, South would raise to three spades, and North would go on to game. Here, though, North cue-bids two diamonds, then raises two spades to three. South is happy to have a shot at game.
    West leads the diamond three, low from a tripleton when he has not supported his partner's suit. (If he had raised, he would have led the eight, top of nothing, to warn partner that he had no honor in the suit.)
    East takes two diamond tricks, then plays a third round. After ruffing, how should South continue?
    With three red-suit losers, declarer must find the club queen. And he should leave clubs for as late as possible. First, he checks the points, noting that only 16 are missing. Second, he draws trumps. Third, he plays on hearts to find out who holds the ace. When it turns out to be West, East is marked with the club queen for his opening bid. South finesses clubs through East to make his contract.

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