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Probe concludes Israeli war in Lebanon ended without victory
Mirta Szajnbrum holds a photograph of her son Yaniv who was killed in Lebanon in summer 2006 during a protest in front of Israel's Defense Minister's residence in Tel Aviv, Israel, Wednesday, Jan. 30, 2008. The final report into Israel's 2006 war in Lebanon concluded that Prime Minister Ehud Olmert did not fail in his handling of a key battle and that his decisions were reasonable, Israeli defense officials said Wednesday. - photo by Associated Press
    JERUSALEM — The head of the panel investigating Israel’s 2006 Lebanon conflict said Wednesday that the war ended without victory and the army did not provide an effective response to Hezbollah rocket fire.
    Eliyahu Winograd, issuing the panel’s final report, told a packed auditorium in Jerusalem investigators found ‘‘failures and shortcomings’’ in the country’s political and military leadership during the conflict. Nevertheless, Prime Minister Ehud Olmert acted in what he thought was ‘‘the interest of the state of Israel,’’ he said.
    ‘‘We found serious failures and shortcomings in the highest level of the military command, especially in the ground forces, the quality of deployment, preparedness, launching and implementation of decisions and orders,’’ Winograd said.
    Still the 500-page report appeared to give an important boost to Olmert, who had faced the possibility of harsher criticism that could have threatened his job and his stated goal of signing a peace treaty with the Palestinians within a year.
    Officials in Olmert’s office said they were optimistic after an initial glimpse of the report. Olmert’s spokesman, Jacob Galanti, was quoted by Israel TV as saying the prime minister’s office was ‘‘breathing a sigh of relief.’’
    Winograd said a last-minute ground offensive in Lebanon failed because it did not improve Israel’s position ahead of a cease-fire and added the army was not prepared for that battle.
    More than 30 Israeli soldiers were killed in that offensive launched shortly before a U.N.-brokered truce went into effect. Olmert had come under severe criticism for ordering the battle, despite his contention that the offensive improved Israel’s position before the cease-fire.

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