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Official: DNA tests confirm IDs of Russian czars children
In this undated file photo Russia's Czar Nicholas II, seated second from left, Czarina Alexandra, center rear, and their family are shown. Bottom row left to right, Princess Olga, Czar Nicholas II, Princess Anastasia, Prince Alexei and Princess Tatiana. Top row letf to right, Princess Maria and Princess Alexandra. DNA tests performed by a U.S. laboratory have proved that bone fragments exhumed in the Ural Mountains belong to two children of Russia's last czar Alexei and Maria, Russian news agencies reported Wednesday, April 30, 2008. - photo by Associated Press
    MOSCOW — DNA tests carried out by a U.S. laboratory prove that remains exhumed last year belong to two children of Czar Nicholas II, putting to rest questions about what happened to Russia’s last royal family, a regional governor said Wednesday.
    The bone fragments dug up are those of Crown Prince Alexei and his sister, Maria, whose remains had been missing since the family was murdered in 1918 as Russia descended into civil war, said Eduard Rossel, governor of the Sverdlovsk region.
    ‘‘We have now found the entire family,’’ he told reporters in Yekaterinburg, the city where the remains were exhumed about 900 miles east of Moscow.
    The confirmation could bring the tortured history of the Russian imperial family closer to closure and end royal supporters’ persistent hopes that members of the czar’s immediate family survived the massacre.
    Nicholas II abdicated in 1917 as revolutionary fervor swept Russia, and he and his family were detained. The czar, his wife, Alexandra, and their son and four daughters were fatally shot on July 17, 1918, in a basement room of the merchant’s house where they were being held in Yekaterinburg.
    The remains of Nicholas, Alexandra and three of their daughters were unearthed in 1991 as the Soviet Union was collapsing. Genetic tests convinced experts of their authenticity and identified one set as those of Anastasia, a daughter some have said survived.
    The Russian Orthodox Church canonized Nicholas and his family in 2000, even as it expressed doubts that the remains were indeed those of the czar’s family.
    The remains of Alexei and Maria, however, had never been located, leading to decades of speculation that perhaps one or both had survived.
    Last summer, researchers dug up the bone shards near Yekaterinburg and enlisted Russian and U.S. laboratories to conduct DNA tests.
    ‘‘The main genetic laboratory in the United States has concluded its work with a full confirmation of our own laboratories’ work,’’ Rossel told reporters. ‘‘This has confirmed that indeed it is the children.’’
    It was unclear which laboratory Rossel was referring to but a genetic research team working at the University of Massachusetts Medical School has been involved in the process. The university did not immediately comment on the report Wednesday.
    The press service for the Russian Orthodox Church said no one could comment on the discovery.

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