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Call to reroute Jerusalem barrier following attack
Israeli border police are seen outside the house of Palestinian Hussam Dwikat, 29, who carried out yesterday's attack in Jerusalem, at the family house in the east Jerusalem neighborhood of Tsur Baher, Thursday, July 3, 2008. Dwikat plowed an enormous construction vehicle into cars, buses and pedestrians on a busy street Wednesday, killing three people and wounding at least 45 before he was shot dead by security officers. - photo by Associated Press
    JERUSALEM — Israel should cut off outlying Arab neighborhoods from Jerusalem, Israel’s vice premier proposed Thursday, the day after a Palestinian construction worker from one of these districts went on a deadly rampage in the city’s center.
    Vice Premier Haim Ramon proposed changing the route of Israel’s separation barrier to exclude the Arab districts, saying it would improve security. The barrier already rings much of the city.
    In Wednesday’s attack, the assailant, Hussam Dwayat, 30, drove a massive construction vehicle in a bloody rampage — ramming buses, crushing cars and targeting pedestrians. Three people were killed before Israeli security personnel shot and killed him.
    Police said they believe Dwayat acted alone and was not connected to any Palestinian militant group.
    No possible motive was provided though city officials confirmed that an order to demolish Dwayat’s home was issued in 2005 on grounds that it was built illegally.
    Dwayat won a stay in court, but was ordered to pay tens of thousands of dollars in fines. Many Palestinians in Jerusalem build illegally, saying it’s very difficult for them to obtain permits from the Israeli authorities.
    Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas condemned the attack saying Thursday, ‘‘We want peaceful solutions through negotiations.’’
    Abbas, on an official visit to Slovenia, said President Bush phoned him just hours after the deadly rampage to ‘‘support’’ peace negotiations between Palestinians and Israelis. He also said that Palestinian and Israeli delegations will have a meeting in Washington ‘‘in the coming days,’’ but provided no details.
    Still, Wednesday’s attack raised new questions about the future of the city and the government’s policy toward Jerusalem’s estimated 250,000 Palestinian residents, who make up about one-third of the total population.
    Israel captured Jerusalem’s eastern sector from Jordan in the 1967 Mideast War and annexed it to its capital. In Israeli-Palestinian peace talks, the Palestinians demand control over east Jerusalem, as their future capital. Israel rejects that idea, but Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert and Ramon have signaled willingness to give up some Arab neighborhoods. Some Israeli hard-liners object to any changes in Jerusalem’s boundaries.
    Those boundaries had been redrawn by Israel after the 1967 war, by including what until then had been West Bank villages and thus dramatically increasing the land size of the city.
    Dwayat, the assailant, was a resident of Sur Baher, one of those areas that became part of Jerusalem in 1967. Speaking to Israel’s Army Radio station, Ramon said that Sur Baher and other outlying Palestinian neighborhoods ‘‘were never in Jerusalem.’’
    ‘‘They were annexed in 1967 and we call them Jerusalem, even though there is not one Jerusalemite there. No Israeli goes near them,’’ he said.
    He said these neighborhoods should be treated as if they are part of the West Bank ‘‘because that’s what they were originally.’’
    He added that Israel should consider moving the route of its West Bank separation barrier to put these villages outside Jerusalem’s boundaries, and strip people there of their Israeli residency rights.
    ‘‘It would be much more difficult to carry out attacks like these and 50,000 Palestinians who live in those two neighborhoods would not be able to reach Jerusalem so easily if they didn’t have blue (Israeli) identity cards,’’ he said.
    The separation barrier has already cut off several Arab neighborhoods of Jerusalem, with tens of thousands of residents, from the city. Israel says the barrier is only meant to keep Palestinian militants out.
    However, critics say the route of the barrier is largely determined by demographic considerations — to include the largest possible land area but exclude the largest possible number of Palestinians.
    In another development, Palestinian militants fired a rocket at Israel Thursday afternoon, violating a June 19 truce, the military said. No one was hurt, but Israel’s Defense Ministry decided to close Gaza crossings on Friday in response, cutting off the flow of vital supplies.
    Wednesday’s Jerusalem attack also drew attention to the uneasy relationship between Jews and Arabs in Jerusalem, threatening both Israelis’ sense of security and Palestinians fragile status in the city.
    At the site of the attack, construction crews were back on the job, working on a railway project. Rafael Greenbaum, a 63-year-old Jewish resident of the city, said he was still jittery.
    ‘‘I was just thinking about what happened here,’’ he said. ‘‘And I said to myself ’just like it happened to someone else yesterday. It could happen to me today.’’’
    The vast majority of Jerusalem’s Palestinians are not Israeli citizens. But unlike the Palestinians in the West Bank, they have Israeli residency rights, allowing them to work and move freely throughout the country and giving them social benefits. Many work in construction or blue-collar jobs.
    Meron Benvenisti, who served as deputy mayor of Jerusalem from 1967 to 1979, said he believes the vast majority of Palestinians in the city value the benefits linked to Jerusalem residency.
    ‘‘The majority cherish their status. They would not try this (such an attack),’’ he said. ‘‘There is no way you can generalize, but the majority of east Jerusalemites would like the status quo to continue.’’
    In a preliminary reaction to the attack, the Israeli parliament gave initial approval to a bill that would strip the residency rights of the families of Palestinian attackers.
    Olmert and other officials were also considering whether to demolish the home of the attacker.
    The practice was halted by Israel in 2005 after military officials determined that wrecking the homes of Palestinian militants did not work as a deterrent. Officials said Olmert, Defense Minister Ehud Barak and Foreign Minister Tzipi Livni all favored reinstituting the policy.
    Olmert’s spokesman, Mark Regev, said officials were exploring the legalities of possible responses, such as home demolitions or revoking residency rights of attackers’ families. He said no decisions had yet been made.

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