Note: The following is one of a series of columns looking at places and events of interest in Bulloch County history.
Fort Argyl (or Fort Argyll)
The second Fort Argyl was built on the west bank just above where Jencks Bridge crosses the Ogeechee River today. One of the commanders of Fort Argyl was Lt. William Elbert of the King's 42nd Regiment of Foot, whom apparently was given his command by Brig. Gen. James Oglethorpe.
Elbert resigned his commission in 1735. The fort was a small square wooden fort, and was intended, the Rangers wrote, to protect “this part of the Province (that) lies exposed in such a wilderness, to be ravaged by runaway (slaves) from South Carolina, or parties of strolling Spanish Indians.”
This fort was soon abandoned as well, as the location was too isolated and hard to defend against the repeated Indian attacks.
There are actually two different places in the Bulloch County area which have had the name “Indian Bluffs.” Both of these peculiar bluffs are located along the Ogeechee River.
The first “Indian Bluffs” was at the intersection of the Bulloch, Effingham and Screven County borders. The second “Indian Bluffs” was located further to the north, and soon became known instead as “Sculls Bluff.”
Kings Road Indian Trail
This Indian trading route led down the Coastal Plains of Georgia, starting in Georgia at the Savannah, proceeding south to the Altamaha River at (the British) Fort Barrington (later renamed by the Americans Fort Howe) in Darien and the Satilla River at Burnt Fort all the way down to Saint Mary's. Therefore, this Indian Path passed just to the south of Bulloch County.
Lower Creek Trading Path
This major Indian trading route was actually one of two Indian trails that went from the Atlantic Ocean to the Creek Indian lands in present-day Alabama. The Lower Creek path followed the “Fall Line” of the rivers in Georgia, the furthest point the rivers are navigable. Therefore, this path is also referred to as “The Fall Line Indian Trail.” It stretched from Augusta on the Savannah River to Macon on the Ocmulgee River to Milledgeville on the Oconee River to the city of Columbus on the Chattahoochee River. As such, it passed just to the north of Bulloch County.
Roger Allen is a local lover of history. Allen provides a brief look each week at the area's past. E-mail Roger at firstname.lastname@example.org.