The term week came from the Saxon word "wikon," signifying 'a turn, or a succession of, as in days.' The Babylonians had long used the seven-day week, and it may be from Babylon the Hebrews adopted it after their captivity in the sixth century B.C.
The Bible's Book of Genesis tells of the creation of the world by God in six days, after which God rested on the seventh. The seventh day became the Jewish day of rest, the Sabbath.
In early Rome, however, the civil week consisted of eight days, until Emperor Constantine decreed in 321 A.D. that the civil week would now be comprised of seven days.
There are fifty-two weeks and one day in ordinary years, or two days in leap-years. Therefore, a particular day of a particular month falls on the same day of the week only once every twenty-eight years.
The ancient Saxon Kings gave us the names for the days of our week. The term 'daeg', which became 'day', signified when the light began to appear from the darkness, got to its peak of brightness, and then dwindled to nothing again.
The first day of their week was Sunnan-daeg, named after Sunna, the Goddess of the Sun; the second Monan-daeg, or Moon's Day; the third Tuesco-daeg, after Tiu (or Tiw), the first warlike leader of the Teutons and the son of Woden.
The fourth day was called Woden's-daeg, after Woden (or Odin), the Saxon version of the Roman God of War. The fifth day of their week was known as Thors-daeg, after Thor the Thunderer; and the sixth was Friga-daeg, named for Frigga (or Freyga), the wife of Woden and the Goddess of Love. The last day of the week was Seater-daeg, after Seater, their God of Fate.
Roger Allen is a local lover of history. Allen provides a brief look at Bulloch County's historical past. E-mail Roger at roger email@example.com