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Louisiana is last state to ban cockfights
Last Cockfight Heal
Cocks fight in three pits as fans watch at the Atchafalaya Game Club in Henderson, La. July 15, 2006. Fights begin in the center 'main pit' and continue into the two adjoining 'drag pits' to keep the night movie. - photo by Associated Press

BATON ROUGE, Louisiana - Gory and bucolic all at once, cockfights have drawn crowds to small-time pits and full-blown arenas in towns around Louisiana for generations. By next week, they'll be against the law. Everywhere.

On Friday, Louisiana will become the last state to outlaw the rooster fights, a move that cockfighting enthusiasts say marks the end of a rich rural tradition.

"The culture, the custom of the Cajun people, it's gone," said Chris Daughdrill, who breeds fighting roosters in Loranger, a community about 50 miles (80 kilometers) north of New Orleans. "It's another one of the rights that big government has taken away from the people."

Maybe so, but supporters and opponents agree that the blood sport won't be wiped out entirely. Like bootlegging, cockfights will continue on the sly in remote areas, and getting caught could mean fines or even prison.

"They're still going to fight, they're still going to fight for years to come," said Elizabeth Barras, who with husband Dale ran a cockfighting pit in St. Martin Parish for 14 years. "They've still got cockfighting in every state. They just hide it from the law."

The fights between specially trained roosters are held in large arenas or in backyards. The birds are fitted with sharp metal blades or curved spikes on their legs, and instinctively attack each other. The match can last over an hour, with one or both animals dead or maimed.

In banning the fights, Louisiana relented after years of pressure from the Humane Society of the United States and other animal-rights groups.

For those willing to travel, cockfighting remains legal on American soil in Puerto Rico, American Samoa and Guam and is popular in Mexico, the Philippines and other foreign countries.

High-profile defenders of cockfighting in Louisiana began softening their stance of the fights after Hurricane Katrina in 2005, seeking to improve the state's backwards reputation.

Then-Gov. Kathleen Blanco — a native of Cajun country, where the fights have deep roots — signed the ban last year, closing a loophole in state law that excluded chickens from animal cruelty laws. First-time offenders caught participating in cockfights will face maximum $1,000 fines and six-month prison terms.

Though the ban on cockfighting takes effect Friday, it has been illegal since last year to gamble on cockfights — a separate law passed as a precursor to the total ban.

Congress last year toughened federal animal fighting laws and criminalized commerce in cockfighting weapons — razor-like blades attached to roosters' legs during fights. Transporting roosters or other animals across state lines for fighting was boosted from a misdemeanor to a felony.

The combination of new federal and state laws has combined to sap Louisiana's cockfighting industry, which supporters said eliminated what used to be a regular source of business for the state's hotels, restaurants and feed stores.

Daughdrill, head of the Louisiana Gamefowl Breeders Association, said the number of large, active cockfighting pits has dropped from 20 last year to about six now. Membership in the association — breeders fans and the like — has plummeted roughly 90 percent, from 6,000 last year to 600.

"A lot of people are going to quit. They're just going to shut down," Daughdrill said.

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