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Immigration bill passes pivotal test but still faces major hurdles
Bush WHGH105 7224789
President Bush makes remarks on comprehensive immigration reform in the Eisenhower Executive Office Building on the White House compound in Washington, Tuesday, June 26, 2007. - photo by Associated Press
    WASHINGTON — The Senate resurrected the immigration bill that could legalize millions of unlawful immigrants Tuesday, but the delicate compromise still faces the same threats that derailed it earlier this month.
    The White House and Republican and Democratic architects of the bill hailed the crucial test vote that revived the legislation, and they predicted approval of the measure by week’s end.
    Their victory was fleeting, though, giving way just hours later to stalling tactics from GOP foes. Conservatives moved Tuesday evening to delay consideration of a package of amendments designed to pave the way for a final vote on the bill.
    That was just the first in a series of formidable obstacles lying in the bill’s path. The Senate is slated to consider 26 amendments, mostly from senators seeking to change key elements of the bill, that have the potential to either sap its support or draw new backers.
    After that, the legislation must overcome another make-or-break vote as early as Thursday. And there is no guarantee that it will ultimately attract enough support to pass.
    Republicans and Democrats alike are deeply conflicted over the legislation, which also would create a temporary worker program, strengthen border security and institute a new system for weeding out illegal immigrants from workplaces.
    Masking those divides, the Senate voted 64-35 to revive the bill, which stalled earlier this month when it failed to muster the 60 votes it needed to scale procedural hurdles.
    Twenty-four Republicans joined 39 Democrats and independent Sen. Joseph I. Lieberman of Connecticut to move ahead with the bill. Opposing the move were 25 Republicans, nine Democrats and independent Sen. Bernard Sanders of Vermont.
    Sen. Edward M. Kennedy of Massachusetts, the lead Democratic negotiator on the bill, called the vote ‘‘a major step forward for our national security, for our economy and for our humanity.’’
    ‘‘We did the right thing today because we know the American people sent us here to act on our most urgent problems. We know they will not stand for small political factions getting in the way,’’ Kennedy said.
    On the other side, Sen. Jeff Sessions, R-Ala., said opponents of amnesty for illegal immigrants are being told they must vote for the bill anyway ‘‘because that’s the only way we’re going to create a legal system of immigration in America.’’
    Under the bill, he said, ‘‘we’re not going to get any substantial reduction in illegality, we’re going to double illegality.’’
    President Bush and his team were working intensely to rally support for the measure.
    ‘‘It’s a careful compromise,’’ the president told business leaders and representatives of religious, Hispanic and agricultural communities. He said, ‘‘In a good piece of legislation like this, and a difficult piece of legislation like this, one side doesn’t get everything they want.’’
    Bush was working the phones to drum up backers, said Commerce Secretary Carlos Gutierrez, who with Homeland Security Secretary Michael Chertoff was also lobbying senators.
    Tuesday’s vote suggested that key senators and White House officials had succeeded — at least for now — in bargaining with skeptical lawmakers for a second chance to pass the bill. Several senators who have been promised votes on their amendments, including Sens. Kit Bond, R-Mo., Barbara Boxer, D-Calif., Norm Coleman, R-Minn., Pete Domenici, R-N.M., John Ensign, R-Nev., and Jim Webb, D-Va., supported moving ahead with the measure, after siding with opponents earlier this month on the test vote that stalled it.
    Less clear was whether that support would hold. At least one Democrat who backed reviving the bill, Sen. Robert Menendez of New Jersey, publicly said he could not guarantee he would vote later to end debate and move to final passage.
    Menendez is pushing for passage of his amendment to award more points in a new merit-based green card allocation system for family ties to U.S. citizens or legal permanent residents.
    Several of the Republican amendments slated for Senate votes would make the bill tougher on unlawful immigrants, while those by Democrats would make it easier on those seeking to immigrate legally based solely on family ties.
    Particularly worrisome to supporters, including the Bush administration, is a bipartisan amendment by Sens. Charles Grassley, R-Iowa, Barack Obama, D-Ill., and Max Baucus, D-Mont., that would change the bill’s new program for weeding out illegal employees from U.S. workplaces.
    The bill is S 1639

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