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Detained Pakistani opposition leader urges unity government to supplant Musharraf
Pakistan KAR108 6460641
A Pakistani police officer takes cover during an exchange of gunfire between protesters and police during an anti-government rally in Karachi, Pakistan on Thursday, Nov. 15, 2007. President Gen. Pervez Musharraf was finalizing a caretaker government while his two main rivals opened talks on forming an alliance against him and political unrest worsened and left two children dead, officials said. - photo by Associated Press
    ISLAMABAD, Pakistan — Benazir Bhutto urged fellow opposition leaders Thursday to join her in an alliance that could govern until elections, but Pakistan’s embattled military leader gave no sign he might hand over power and named his own interim prime minister.
    The proposal came on the eve of a visit by a top U.S. envoy who was coming to press President Gen. Pervez Musharraf to end emergency rule and free thousands of people detained for political activism and demonstrating.
    Analysts were waiting for Musharraf’s announcement Friday of a caretaker Cabinet to oversee parliamentary elections promised by Jan. 9. A lack of any members friendly to the opposition would intensify doubts about the fairness of the ballot and further fuel discontent.
    One of the country’s main Islamist parties called its first protests against the state of emergency Friday, adding the voice of factions opposed to Musharraf’s alliance with the U.S. to the recent protests by lawyers, students and secular parties against military rule.
    The turmoil deepened Thursday as two children and an adult were killed during a gunbattle between police and protesters in the southern city of Karachi — the first deaths during demonstrations since Musharraf suspended the constitution Nov. 3. Protests were reported in other cities and more party activists were arrested.
    Bhutto outlined her plan for opposition factions to form a national unity interim government that could supplant Musharraf’s administration during a telephone interview with The Associated Press, and the idea was quickly supported by her longtime political rival, Nawaz Sharif.
    But Sharif said they weren’t in a position to form an acting government unless Musharraf was removed from office. Bhutto indicated a need for a voluntary transfer of power, saying she shared Washington’s concern about a power vacuum should the general be ousted.
    Sharif, who like Bhutto is a former prime minister, said the opposition’s priority should be reinstatement of Supreme Court judges removed by Musharraf. Independent-minded judges blocked some of his moves this year, and many people suspect Musharraf feared the court would overturn his re-election as president last month by legislators.
    The deteriorating situation greatly worries the Bush administration, which has seen Musharraf as a key ally in the fight against Taliban and al-Qaida-linked extremists who have been gaining strength along Pakistan’s border with Afghanistan.
    President Bush ‘‘wants the state of emergency to be lifted,’’ White House press secretary Dana Perino said. ‘‘And it is up to President Musharraf. He has the responsibility to help restore democracy.’’
    Deputy Secretary of State John Negroponte, on his way to Pakistan to underline the U.S. demands, said during a stop in Africa that the democratic process here has been ‘‘derailed.’’
    ‘‘Our message is that we want to work with the government and people of Pakistan and the political actors in Pakistan to put the political process back on track as soon as possible,’’ Negroponte said.
    Reflecting a view in Washington that Musharraf may not be able to hold on to power, U.S. officials have been referring broadly to ‘‘the Pakistani leadership’’ and contacting other senior military leaders. The back-channel contacts include some who may have pull with Musharraf or even pose an alternative to his rule.
    Bhutto said she was contacting political leaders about her proposal for an alliance that could step in and govern until a new parliament is elected.
    ‘‘I am talking to the other opposition parties to find out whether they are in a position to come together,’’ she said from the home in Lahore where she is under house arrest. ‘‘We need to see whether we can come up with an interim government of national consensus to whom power can be handed.’’
    Bhutto sidestepped the question of whether she or someone else would lead such a unity government, saying that was a subject for negotiation. But she said a consensus on leadership was necessary to ensure an orderly transition should Musharraf agree to step down.
    The general has so far refused, telling the AP on Wednesday that he planned to relinquish his post as army chief by the end of November but would stay on as president. He is promising elections by Jan. 9, but suggests they will take place under the restrictive emergency rule.
    He appointed Mohammedmian Soomro, the Senate chairman and a Musharraf loyalist, as interim prime minister Thursday to head a caretaker government to oversee the elections. The move was necessary because Thursday marked the end of the current Parliament’s five-year term.
    Soomro’s appointment could strengthen widespread skepticism about Musharraf’s assertions that the elections will be free and fair, and observers were watching to see whether the acting Cabinet ministers to be announced Friday were also Musharraf loyalists.
    Bhutto spokesman Farhatullah Babar said that regardless of who was appointed, the election could not be fair if Musharraf remained president.
    A union between Bhutto and Sharif — the man Musharraf ousted in a 1999 coup — would undoubtedly turn the heat up for the general, who has so far been successful in keeping the country’s quarreling opposition factions divided.
    In a telephone interview from his home in Saudi Arabia, Sharif said he supported the idea of a unity government to help stabilize Pakistan.
    ‘‘I will be very happy to extend any cooperation to rid the country of a dictator, but it is important the judiciary is reinstated,’’ he said.
    Sharif talked with Bhutto by phone Wednesday but the unity government idea was not discussed. He said he told her the opposition should boycott the elections planned for January and she said she would give her response within a day or two.
    ‘‘Under these circumstances, I’m for a complete boycott of the elections,’’ Sharif said. ‘‘How can you go into elections where your hands are tied up; leaders are all arrested and parties cannot meet; where there is a subservient judiciary and a hand-picked Election Commission?’’
    Bhutto was visited Thursday by Bryan Hunt, the U.S. consul-general in Lahore, who was allowed to cross the police cordon surrounding the house where she is confined.
    ‘‘He came to find out whether I could work with Gen. Musharraf, and I told him that it was very difficult to work with someone who, instead of taking us toward democracy, took us back toward military dictatorship,’’ she told the AP.
    Bhutto said she shared the U.S. government’s misgivings about might happen to this nuclear-armed nation if Musharraf was forced out, saying a strategy for an orderly transition was a must.
    The Americans ‘‘worry about what would happen if there was not a smooth transition, and they worry about what would happen if Musharraf left and there would be a vacuum. So that is a concern, and a valid concern,’’ she said.
    Bhutto claimed Musharraf was losing support within the military, particularly below the high command.
    ‘‘I sense an enormous disquiet. The army feels rudderless, it feels leaderless,’’ she said. ‘‘It feels its job is to defend the motherland, and instead it finds itself embroiled in a controversial domestic role.’’
    She provided no evidence, however. Musharraf has scoffed at such talk, telling AP in an interview Wednesday that the army’s loyalty was absolute and that his soldiers would never turn against him.
    ‘‘They followed me not because of the rank but because of the respect they hold for me. I have no doubt on the loyalty of this army. Never will this happen against me,’’ he said.
    ———
    Associated Press writers Matthew Pennington, Sadaqat Jan and Munir Ahmad contributed to this report.

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