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Bulloch History with Roger Allen

Bulloch’s history of the land

Bulloch County.
    Well, when I moved here, I knew it was in Georgia, and included Georgia Southern College (which I attended), but not much more. Therefore, I conducted some research, and this is what I learned:
Historically speaking, this is what I learned. First of all, Bulloch County was created from land acquired from the Creek Indians in the Cession of 1733, and was one of several new counties created from what had been St. Philip’s Parish.
    Georgia’s residents knew from the very beginning it was a special place. Reverend Thomas Adiel Sherwood, in his geographical Gazetteer of the State of Georgia (1827), wrote that the state was clearly divided into three very different physical regions: the area above the 35th parallel; the area between the 35th and the 33rd parallels; and the area below the 33rd parallel. George White, in his Statistics of the State of Georgia (1847) stated that there were three basic agricultural regions in the state:  a subsistence crop zone; a tobacco and cotton growing zone; and a Sea Island rice growing zone.
    In his major study completed in 1896, H.A. Nesbitt divided the state of Georgia into three specific topographical regions: a mountainous zone with valleys; a rolling hill country; and a terraced plantation zone. If you look around, you’ll see little has changed in BC over the last 100 plus years. Now, to be specific (physiographically speaking), BC sits right smack dab on the edge of the last two zones.
    To these scientists, BC sits in the Sea Island District of the Atlantic Coastal Plains Zone. In Georgia, this area sits east of a line drawn from Augusta through Macon to Columbus, Georgia. According to the United States Geological Survey map of 1976, there are two sub-districts to the Sea Island District, and BC is divided by the two: the Vidalia Uplands area, which comprises the northwestern two-thirds of BC; and the Coastal Marine Flatlands area, which encompasses the southeastern third of BC.
    BC sits in an area divided by what are more commonly known as the Rolling Wiregrass and the Flat Pine Barrens. The former sits at an elevation of between 100 and 500 feet above sea level, while the latter sits at an elevation of less than 100 feet above sea level. Not surprisingly, more than 50% of BC is covered by two basic kinds of pine forests. The higher drier areas are covered with Longleaf (or Yellow) Pine, and the lower wetter areas are covered with Slash (or Pitch) Pine. Sounds like my home to me.
    Roger Allen is a local lover of history. Allen provides a brief look at Bulloch County's historical past. E-mail Roger at roger dodger53@hotmail.com

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